作 者：Jing Wanga,b, Hangyan Chena,b, Su‐Huai Weic, Wan‐Jian Yina,b,*
aKey Lab of Advanced Optical Manufacturing Technologies of Jiangsu Province & Key Lab of Modern Optical Technologies of Education Ministry of China, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, China
bSchool of Physical Science and Technology, Soochow University Suzhou 215006, China
cBeijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100193, China
摘 要：Tetrahedral coordination structures, e.g. crystalline Si, GaAs, CdTe, and octahedral coordination structures, e.g. perovskites, represent two classes of successful crystal structures hitherto for solar cell absorbers. Here, via first‐principles calculations and crystal symmetry analysis, the two classes of semiconductors are shown exhibiting complementary properties in terms of bond covalency/ionicity, optical property, defect tolerance, and stability, which are correlated with their respective coordination number. Therefore, a spinel structure is proposed, which combines tetrahedral and octahedral coordination into a single crystal structure, as an alternative to perovskite and conventional semiconductors for potential photovoltaic applications. The case studies of a class of 105 spinel AB2X4 systems identify five spinel compounds HgAl2Se4, HgIn2S4, CdIn2Se4, HgSc2S4, and HgY2S4 as promising solar cell absorbers. In particular, HgAl2Se4 has suitable bandgap (1.36 eV by GW0 calculation), small direct–indirect bandgap difference (24 meV), appropriate carrier effective mass (me = 0.08 m0, and mh = 0.69 m0), strong optical absorption, and high dynamic stability. This study suggests that crystal systems with mixed tetrahedral and octahedral coordination may open a viable route for emerging solar cell absorbers.